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The Impact of Climate Change on Coffee Processing: A Review

Coffee is a globally popular beverage, but the industry is threatened by climate change, which impacts the quality and quantity of production. This paper reviews the impact of climate change on coffee processing, including the challenges faced by producers, adaptation strategies, and future implications. Factors such as temperature changes, precipitation, and extreme weather events affect the growth, development, yield, quality, and flavor of coffee beans and increase the prevalence of pests and diseases. Managing these impacts is crucial for maintaining the quality and sustainability of production. Climate change affects harvesting through altered rainfall patterns and extreme weather events, impacting timing and quality. Post-harvest handling is also affected by changes in temperature and humidity, impacting fermentation, washing, and storage. Producers are exploring adaptation strategies such as precision agriculture, water conservation, renewable energy, and innovation in packaging and distribution. The long-term implications are significant, with potential shifts in production and quality. Further research is needed to identify effective strategies such as climate-resilient coffee varieties, precision agriculture, water-efficient processing methods, and renewable energy sources. Effective policy and governance frameworks are also critical for supporting sustainability. Climate change poses a significant threat to the coffee industry, making adaptation strategies necessary to maintain quality and sustainability.

Coffee, Climate Change, Processing, Adaptation Strategies, Temperature Changes, Precipitation, Extreme Weather Events, Sustainability

Bealu Girma. (2023). The Impact of Climate Change on Coffee Processing: A Review. Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, 12(4), 120-129.

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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